In the era before modern technology was present people relied on daily newspapers to learn about current events. The most read papers were the New York Journal, and New York World published by Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer respectively.
With every passing paper, both were covered in scandalous dramatic stories and large shocking illustrations across their pages. Which brought the exsistence of Yellow Journalism from a popular comic strip that came from New York World, which New York City used to compete with World in order to increase sales.
The 'Journal' began to support Cuban Rebels but refused to use any Spanish sources for its news. Despite it being seen as biased it became extrememly popular due to its stories being more exciting. The 'World' abandoned its objectivity posistion and began to do the same thing, as demands for dramatic stories had increased with the newspaper's growth in sales.
Hearst believed that the United States should assist the issue and intervene in Cuba. Because of this in multiple issues of the Journal, the message and demand for war were consistent. Hearst sent an illustrator to Cuba to create illustrations showing the Cuban victims suffering from Spanish cruelty.
President William Mckinley was reluctant to include America into the conflict between Spain and Cuba. Until a letter was sent from Spain's minster that had insulted and called Mckinley "weak and catering to the rabble." This caused Americans to go into a rage. What fueled Americans anger further was the mysterious death of 260 sailors on the U.S. Battleship that was sent to Havana to protect American land.
Despite barely being any evidence to prove that Spain was involved in the explosion and destruction of the USS Maine, Newspapers like the Journal had titles such as "The Warship Maine was split in two by an enemy's secret infernal machine." Because of headlines like this, U.S. forces wanted war. "Remember the Maine" became their cry as the U.S. Declared war on Spain on April 20,