John P Parker was a man that was born into slavery, but he became free when he became an adult. When he moved to Ripley, Ohio, there were people there that wanted slavery to end. He became a slave smuggler in the underground railroad. Parker first describes the town of Ripley. He then describes how he was in cahoots with the small group of abolitionists. He then states that he had a diary of all the slaves he had helped into freedom.
The Fugitive Slave Act was passed in 1850 by Congress in order to make the South feel better about the Compromise of 1850. The Fugitive Slave Act offered rewards for capturing runaway slaves and anyone who aided them in their escape.
Before the civil war, black women formed together to create an abolitionist army. Two women, Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth, were the most famous abolitionists. Sojourner Truth was the first black woman to speak on stage. Harriet Tubman started to lead slaves through the underground railroad. These two women played an important role.
John P Parker was an iron maker by day, and slave rescuer by night. Parker would help slaves gain their freedom by transporting them. Parker was born into slavery but when he reached adulthood, he was emancipated.
The underground railroad wasn't really a railroad.. or underground. The term was just used to describe how people kept connections with each other, just like how a black market isn't black. Some blacks that had escaped from their masters had to hire vigilantes in order to protect them from people who captured slaves for a living. Because of the fugitive slaves, the underground railroad launched a civil war.