Step 2 is the processing of the raw materials to form glucose and oxygen. It is also called the "Calvin Cycle" or the "dark reactions".
The cycle is named after Melvin Calvin, who discovered this process in 1937 along with some colleagues. This cycle occurs when the molecules of carbon dioxide and water are taken apart, rearranged, and recombined.
The Calvin Cycle? What kind of name is that??
Glucose is used by the cell immediately or stored for growth or later use. The oxygen is released as a waste product, and it leaves through the stomata.
What does glucose and oxygen even do to contribute to photosynthesis?
Wait, so the whole point of photosynthesis is that it stores energy??
YES!! That's what I've been trying to tell you this whole time!
Nope! There is a pigment called chlorophyll that is found in the chloroplast. The chloroplast is only found in plant bodies, and it collects the energy from the sun and converts it into food.
Oh! Wait, I have one more question...Does photosynthesis make the plants green?
Thank you so much for sharing this information with me! Now I know all about photosynthesis!