Equality 7-2521 is progressing farther than the Scholars because he states "We have learned things which are not in the scripts. We have solved the secrets of which the Scholars have no knowledge" (pg. 36)
Equality meets Liberty on the edge of the city. And learns that she is a farmer.
Equality discovers electricity when he states "under our fingers was a miracle which had never occurred before a new miracle and a new power." (pg. 53)