Haiti was the largest sugar exporter of Europe. The demand for sugar and coffee were high, which allowed there to be an overwhelming amount of slaves, who were tortured and given the bare minimum.
Slaves Granted Freedom
The slaves are now free
Every now and then, the slaves would meet and perform voodoo, which was an act of rebellion in itself. When they would meet up, they would plan their revolution. They also picked out their leader, Dutty Boukman.
Napolean Said No, Slaves Said Yes
Slavery is back.
There were multiple fights against the slave masters. Other slaves in Saint-Domingue join the rebellion as well. The revolution slowly becomes more organized and strategized. Toussaint L'Overture becomes the leader.
In 1794, everyone in Saint-Domingue was granted freedom by a decree that the National Convention of Paris signed and made it official. This was the first successful slave revolt. They still had the plantations where people would work, but now people working there would be paid.
Napolean took over France and said that their decrees didn't apply to their overseas colonies, which included Haiti. That meant that slavery was back. The French also tried to take away their guns, which the people of Saint Domingue did not like. The slaves, again, went against that.
On 1st January of 1804, Dessalines declared that Haiti is independent and changed the name from Saint-Domingue to Haiti, again.