In 1774, the London Packet had arrived in Philadelphia with a 37 year old Thomas Paine, He had caught a very deadly disease called typhus, and had left him barely conscious.
Paine met Franklin in London and impressed him with his sharp mind and his interest in science and politics. Franklin encouraged Paine to move to Pennsylvania and gave him letters of reference, calling him a worthy young man.
With the help of Franklin's letters, Paine got a job as the editor of a new magazine. He already done some writing in England, but it was in the colonies that he heard his true calling as a writer. Paine's publication, Pennsylvania Magazine, became the most widely read magazine in the colonies.
These stories did not please the Loyalist citizens of Philadelphia, who favored strong ties to Great Britain. On the other hand, they did appeal to readers with Patriot sympathies.
Rush inspired him to write a pamphlet on independence. The independence idea made colonists uneasy. They might complain about British rule, but the prospect of separating from Great Britain didn't scare Paine. In October 1775, he worked on the essay "Common Sense".
He wrote, 'Tis not the affair of a city, a country, a province, or a kingdom, But of a continent. 'Tis not the concern of a day, a year, or an age. Now is the seed-time of continental union, faith, and honor. Paine began by ridiculing the fact that kings had some special, God-given right to rule over their subjects. He called the king the “royal brute of England” and said, “Even brutes do not devour their young, nor savages make war upon their families.”