The Han Dynasty was considered a "golden age" because it prospered at this particular time. The Dynasty was founded by Liu Bang, and also paper money was created at this time. The most popular religion at this time was Confucianism.
The Warring states period was an era of division in china, and the states were at war before the Qin state conquered them all and arose the Qin dynasty.
The Ming Dynasty ruled all of China and they were famous for their drama, arts, and entertainment. The Ming dynasty was well known for it's trade expansion to the outside world.