In March of 1921 Lenin temporarily put aside his plan for a state-controlled economy. He went t a smaller version of capitilism called the New Economic Policy (NEP)
In 1922 Russia named itself the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in honor of the councils that helped launch the Bolshevik revolution. The Bolsheviks renamed their party to the Communist party, a word that had come from the writing of Karl Marx
UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
As economic production and the new Government structure stabilized, the Communist movement began to grow worldwide as a result of Russia's early success under Lenin's control.
Karl Marx saw Communism as the end result of an essential historical process. In his doctrine "the Communist Manifesto", he clearly explains the transition of Capitalism to Communism. Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin built on Marx's theories. Ultimately, Lenin's Communist state (Ussr) became a one-party totalitarian system.
Lenin suffered a stroke in 1922, he lived but the incident set in motion competition for heading up the communist party. Two of the most notable men were Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin.
Stalin began his ruthless climb to the head of the government in 1922. By 1928 Stalin was in total command of the communist party. Trotsky, forced into exile in 1929 was no longer a threat. Stalin now stood poised to wield absolute power as dictator.