Cpt. James Cook of the British Royal Navy set out his first voyage in 1768 with an objective of asserting British presence and dominance in the South Seas.
His first voyage landed him on the island of Tahiti, discovering New Zealand, and the East Coast of Australia. Maps of these distant places are gained and mapped down.
James Cook have also brought scientists on board to keep data and observations, marking the beginning of scientific oceanography. Observations of the transit of Venus were also taken. The technology he uses are maps, knight compass, sextant, chronometer, transit instrument, and celestial navigation.
Cook established friendly relations with the island inhabitants, documenting their natural history and habitations. Cook's successful voyages owes to his goal in developing diplomatic interactions and scientific observations.
Cook's second voyage would produce maps charted with Tonga and the eastern islands as well as the discovery of New Caledonia and South Georgia, all while being the first to circumnavigate at high latitudes.
Cook's last voyage indirectly landed on the Hawaiian islands. He was killed by angered natives. Cook’s three voyages have provided countless information about the ocean that was previously unknown. At his death, Cook has charted thousands of miles of coastline around the world, and solved several mysteries of the South Pacific. James Cook have inspired many others to push past their boundaries to achieve an even greater purpose.