Almost all of the taxes fell upon the Third Estate, this prevented them from making profits and being successful. They had to pay half of their income in taxes. The Third Estate demanded change so that they were equal to the other estates, and they all had to pay equal taxes.
We, the Third Estate, need to name ourselves the National Assembly!
The Third Estate believed in Enlightenment ideas, like liberty, equality, and democracy. They were inspired by the success of the American Revolution. they thrived for more power, authority and they questioned the structure of society. Also, they agreed with the ideas of Voltaire, Locke, and Jefferson.
Storming the Bastille
We need gunpowder and weapons to help us revolt!
Each Estate only had one vote and the First and Second Estate could always outvote the Third Estate. The Third Estate found this very upsetting and insisted that each delegate would have one vote, which would give them an advantage. After the King disapproved this idea, the Third Estate became determined to hold power, this led to the establishment of the National Assembly.
We need a new Constitution and government!
The National Assembly was created to pass laws and reforms in the name of the French people. This proclaimed the end to the absolute monarchy and the start of a representative government. This also led to the Tennis Court Oath where Third Estate delegates pledged to stay there until they had written a new Constitution.
As Louis stationed his army around Paris, people feared that a war would start. On July 14th, a mob searching for gunpowder and weapons attacked The Bastille, a prison in Paris and killed many guards. This is the start of the Great Fear in France, which leads to the start of the French Revolution.
The Assembly took many actions to reform France. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was much like the Declaration of Independence and it included rights like liberty, property, fraternity, and equality. The National Assembly took church lands and made them state-controlled. Also, they created a new Constitution, limited constitutional monarchy, and the Legislative Assembly. Due to widespread violence, the National Assembly set aside the Constitution and created the National Convention, which later found Louis guilty of treason and was executed by the guillotine.