Good morning class, today we are going to be talking about the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire is located in Constantinople and was called the New Rome.
Good question. It's called the New Rome because the capital of Rome was moved to Byzantine.
Why was it called the New Rome, Mr. Glassman?
The Byzantine Empire became so wealthy because it sat in the middle of a trade route, sea and land. Things like luxury items, silk, perfumes and spices.
A part of the Byzantine Empire was the Bosporus Strait. It is a narrow water in the Empire. It was important because of what it provided for the Empire.
The most popular leaders in the Byzantine Empire were Justinian and Constantine.
Even though they were popular rulers, not everyone liked them because of some of the things they did.
Justinian made a collection of laws called "Justinian's Code". So many other countries have used Justinian's code as a basis for their laws because they like what the laws stand for.
Theodora was Justinian's wife. She was an important part of Justinian's rule because Theodora participated in Justinian's legal and spiritual reforms, and her involvement in the increase of the rights of women was substantial.
Icons were religious images made by the church.
The Byzantine preserved Greek and Roman ideas by continuing them in the Empire. Like keeping the Greek or Roman way of writing.
The problems within the Byzantine Empire that caused it's fall were the problems with their military.
The outside forces that helped the decline of the Byzantine Empire were the fights from the Ottomans and invasions from Germanic groups.