Geography and Development of Rome

Geography and Development of Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romeulus and Remus
  • Influence of Atruscan Engineering
  • Rome is located in Italy. It is located by a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped like a boot. 
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • A princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. Their father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The king was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. Before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them. When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River where the wolf had found and saved them.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The Greeks built archways. The Greeks constructed marble temples for their gods. They built columns for their buildings. The Greeks used concrete to build buildings like the Colosseum.
  • Influence of Greek Writing
  • Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields.  After being congratulated, the winner was executed. Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. In Roman stadiums, thousands of slaves died fighting as gladiators.
  • The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, as well as the Etruscans. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. The Romans also used concrete to build huge stadiums like the Colosseum, where gladiators fought.
  • The Greek alphabet was adopted and then changed by the Etruscans. The Romans then borrowed and altered the Etruscan alphabet. The Greeks carved important documents, such as laws and treaties, into bronze or stone plaques, some of which were displayed in the public squares.
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