Presidency of Andrew Jackson

Presidency of Andrew Jackson
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  • Jackson as the “People’s President” 
  • "I'll give a political voice to the Common Man!"
  • Spoils System 
  • "Jobs should go to my supporters! That's true representation!"
  • Jackson’s “Kitchen Cabinet”
  • "Guess we gotta advise the President now."
  • "Even though we're - You know, not at all qualified."
  • Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828, mainly by laborers, farmers, frontiersmen, and anyone else considered "Common". Jackson spoke of himself as a spokesperson for the "Common Man" and strongly believed in expanding Democracy.
  • The Nullification Crisis of 1828-1833
  • "If you try to make us pay the tax, we'll just leave!"
  • Jackson thought that the government should be more responsive to the public, so he rewarded those who supported him with jobs, regardless of qualifications. a majority of federal employees were replaced by his supporters.
  • Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears
  • "So many of my tribe have died of disease."
  • After being elected as President, Andrew Jackson fired most existing Cabinet members and replaced them with people who supported him or were friends of his. However, these people were not qualified for their positions, and many began to refer to Jackson's Cabinet as the "Kitchen Cabinet".
  • The Bank War
  • Four years after the Tariff of Abominations, the South was angered by a new tax and passed a law to nullify this tax. The South threatened to secede from the Union if they were forced to pay the tax. Jackson passed the Force Bill, which allowed him to use Federal troops to enforce laws. A compromise was made, but the issue remained.
  • Congress was pressured to pass the Indian Removal Act of 1830 by white settlers. Congress designated present-day Oklahoma as "Indian Territory" and tried to force tribes to give up their land and move there. The Cherokee tribe refused to move. In 1837, President Martin Van Buren made 16,000 Natives move west. More than 1/4th of those people died of starvation, disease, or exposure.
  • Jackson's final act as President was to go against the Second Bank of the United States because he still believed it was unconstitutional, even after the court case McCulloch VS Maryland had proved otherwise. At the beginning of Jackson's second term, he basically ended the bank for good by stating that all money should be taken out of the bank. Many people were pleased by this move, but some believed Jackson was abusing his power.
  • "Get rid of the bank!"
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