Muhammad was born April 22, 571 AD in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Mecca was a very good city for trade because it was in the center of the crossroads. He was sent to the desert to learn about Arab triditions.
The Night Journey
In about 610 C.E., Muhammad went to meditate in a cave in the mountains. There, according to Islamic teachings, Muhammad received the call to be a prophet, or messenger of Allah.
Around 613 C.E., Muhammad began to preach to other Makkans. He taught that people must worship the one God, that all believers in God were equal, and that the rich should share their wealth. He urged Makkans to take care of orphans and the poor and to improve the status of women.
The Isra and Mi'raj are the two parts of a Night Journey that, according to Islam, the Islamic prophet Muhammad took during a single night around the year 621. Within Islam it signifies both a physical and spiritual journey.
In 622, Muhammad and his followers left Makkah on a journey known as the hijrah (HEEJ-rah). Yathrib wasrenamed Madinah (also spelled Medina), short for “City of the Prophet.” The year of the Hijrah later became thefirst year of the Muslim calendar.
In March 632, Muhammad led his final pilgrimage to Makkah. In the town of his birth, he delivered his LastSermon. He reminded Muslims to treat each other well and to be faithful to their community. Shortly after hisreturn to Madinah, Muhammad died.