Muslims had first conquered Spain in711, and much of the region came under Umayyad control by 750. His strong leadership preserved Umayyad power, and all of Muslim Spain was united under his rule by 933. Cordoba became most celebrated as center of learning
In 1453, the Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire by capturing Constantinope. The Ottoman rulers were called sultans. However, military conquest wasn´t suleymanś only interest.
Science and Philosophy
The Ottomans formed the largest Muslim empire of the time. However, it was not the only one. The Safavids, a Shi´ite dynasty, became rivals of the sunni Ottomans.
In 1857, the British, who by then had gained control, sent the last Mughal ruler into exile. Shah Jahan colllected thousands of precious jewels and exported magnificent Indian art to Europe. He also allowed different religions to flourish in the Empire.
The leadership of Muslim dynasties, science and philosophy made important advances that spread across the world. Medieval times, which spanned from the 500s to the 1500s. The field of mathematics provides an important example.
However, the style of architecture soon became recognized as distinctly IsIamic.The inside of a mosque also had distinctive features.muslims admired poetry more than any other form of literature.