The Etruscan influence of engineering on the Romans
Perhaps around 700 B.C.E., a Latin tribe built the village that eventually became Rome. They constructed their village on the Palatine, a hill in central Italy that overlooks the Tiber River at a location about a dozen miles inland from the sea. Eventually, the village of thatched huts developed into a mighty city that spread over seven hills.
The Etruscan influence of sports on the Romans
When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River where the wolf had found and saved them. However, in a quarrel over who would rule the new settlement, Romulus killed his brother. He became king of the city, which he named Rome.
The Greek influence of architecture on the Roman civilization
Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A cuniculus was a long underground trench connected by vertical shafts to the ground above.
The Greek influence of writing, art, and religion on the Romans
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. The Etruscan custom was to stage slave fights during funerals. Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots.
The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, as well as the Etruscans. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty.
The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities. Like the Greeks, the Romans wrote in all capital letters. Both the Etruscans and the Romans admired Greek pottery, painting, and sculpture. However, it was Greek religion that especially influenced Roman ideas about the gods.