Mesopotamia was known as the Fertile Crescent and was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Mesopotamians were Polytheistic which means they worshipped many gods. They would also pray at temples called ziggurats.
They created the first system of writing called cuneiform, they created Hammurabi's code that was the first set of written laws.
Cities were called city-states and were ruled by kings
When the Babylonians conquered all of Mesopotamia Hammurabi (the Babylonian leader) created the first set of written laws. Known as Hammurabi's code. They covered topics like trade, loans, theft, and more.