The confederate army led a surprise attack on the union from their base to try to stop the union from gaining control of the miss. river. although the south used offensive of war, they still lost the battle due to union reinforcements and opened the union to taking control the the miss. river. after this battle they got control of the tenn. river which was a highway to the south
Battle of Atlanta July 22, 1864
It is known as the turning point of the Civil War because both sides were planning on clashing in Gettysburg, PA. this is where Pickett's charge happened. this battle went on for 3 days and ended in 25,000 casualties on each side but the union came out as the winner of that battle.
this battle was fought outside of Atlanta, Georgia. Atlanta was a center of military operations and supply routes because of its railroads so north wanted to stop its supply. the union won the battle and captured the city despite the difference in numbers. after the battle, general sherman set atlanta on fire to weaken their military operations