In "The Raven," Edgar Allen Poe creates a grim mood through his tone, figurative language, and setting choice.
Poe used tone to make it more mysterious and suspenseful. He used words like terror, darkness, demon, echo, grave, grim.
Edgar Allan Poe uses figurative language to enhance the mood of the poem. He uses similes like, “Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul has spoken!” This is very creepy and mysterious which helps form the mood.
Poe used imagery in the quote: “And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain; Thrilled me—filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before” to support the creepy mood by helping the reader imagine some things that bring the same feelings as Poe is trying to create
The personification helped shape the mood also. Edgar Allan Poe uses the verse, “An echo murmured back the word,” to further make the mood spookier and make people more curious about the topic.
Poe used the setting to make the reader feel as if they are where he describes. The reader envisions being in a creepy place, and when he pairs that with the ominous lyrics, the overall mood of the poem is very strongly spooky. An example of this would be, “Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December; And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor”.