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Geography and Location of Rome
Romulus and Remus
The Influence of Etruscan Engineering
In 700 B.C.E., one Latin tribe built their village on a hill that overlooked the Tiber River. They eventually grew into the Romans. They were greatly influenced by the Etruscans because the Etruscans were the Romans' neighbors.
The Influence of Etruscan Sporting Events
A princess gave birth to Romulus and Remus, twin sons that were later thrown into the Tiber River by their uncle. They were found by a wolf and later built a settlement by the banks of the Tiber River. In a dispute on what to name the settlement, Romulus killed his brother Remus, became the king, and named the city Rome.
The Influence of Greek Architecture
The Romans learned the archway and the cuniculus from the Etruscans. The archway was held up by a keystone in the center and they were used on bridges, stadiums, and other public buildings. They cuniculus was an underground irrigation system that was connected by vertical shafts above.
The Influence of Greek Writing, Art, and Religion
The Romans learned about slave fighting and chariot races from the Etruscans. Slave fighting was two slaves fighting until one was dead, the winner would be congratulated and then would be executed. Chariot races had riders strapped to their horses, if one would break then the rider could be run over by another runners' horse, resulting in injury or even death.
The Greek architecture strongly influenced the Romans. They added the column to their marble temples. Later, they used concrete to make larger structures, like the Panthenon in Rome and other public buildings like stadiums.
The Romans had an alphabet that was similar to the Greeks, such as they both use capital letters and they were carved into important documents. The Romans imitated Greek potters, and developed a style that historians called Greco-Roman art. The Romans blended other cultures' gods in with their own, such as Zeus, he became Jupiter.
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