We have decided on this petition and ask that you would follow it.
Charles l is king. Parliament passes a petition that would limit the power of the king to tax, imprison citizens, quarter troops, and to martial law. Charles l accepts this petition initially but does not follow it at all.
Finally! A Catholic Heir!
A civil war happens between Cavaliers (supporters of the king) and Round heads (supporters of parliament). The was was caused by Charles I not following the petition of power. With the help of Oliver Cromwell, parliament wins.
Oliver Cromwell takes over and has Charles I beheaded, Cromwell becomes a dictator, getting rid of those who didn't agree with him and creating a rump parliament, then turning into a military dictatorship. Cromwell's rule ends when Cromwell died.
We accept to rule.
Parliament decides once Cromwell died that they should go back to a monarchy, thus brought around James II. This brought parliament fear because of the previous monarchs rule.
Groups of English nobles had told William of Orange to invade and take over ruling. As James II noticed he had very little support in England he fled to France.
After a mostly peaceful revolution William and Mary accept their invite to the throne. A bill of rights is created to lay the foundation of a new constitutional monarchy.