Context: The Pentagon Papers exposed the intentional deception of the American people Vietnam. Americans were shocked when the National Guard opened fire at Kent State University, protest following by President Nixon. President Nixon’s authorization for the United State tc
o attack Cambodia, and four students were killed. Nixon soon added more for fuel to the fire in attempt to cover up illegal actions, by him and his administration.
Controversy: United States: The President’s power to claim executive privilege is not an absolute. Executive privilege may not be deny the courts access to evidence needed in a criminal proceeding. This is a debate that can properly be heard in the federal courts.
President Nixon: The constitutional part of separation of powers granted to the President the privilege of withholding information from other branches of government. Furthermore this power is absolute, it is vital where high-level communication are involved. This debate should be resolved within the executive branch not by courts.
Court Ruling: Supreme Court case resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, and ordering him too delver tape recordings and other materials to the federal district court. On July 24, 1974, the decision was important to the last stages of the Watergate scandals, and when there was an ongoing impeachment process against Richard Nixon. Burger, Blackmun, and Powell were appointed to the Court by Nixon during first term.