Ch. 8: The early development of Rome

Ch. 8: The early development of Rome

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  • Location and Geography of Rome
  • The Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Yes sir.
  • I want him dead! They will not take my throne from me!
  • Etruscan Influence of Engineering on The Romans
  • Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
  • Etruscan Influence of Sports on The Romans
  • The Romans have a myth about a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. Their father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The king was afraid the boys would grow up to take the throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them. Then a man found them and told then about how they were the princesses children and so, they went to save their mother and killed the king,too. When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River . However, in a quarrel over who would rule the new settlement, Romulus killed Remus, and named the settlement Rome.
  • Greek Influence of Architecture on Romans
  • The Romans became excellent builders because they learned many techniques about engineering from the Etruscans. Two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus.
  • Greek Influence of Writing, Art, and Religion on Romans
  • Romans also adapted two Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields. After being congratulated, the winner was executed.The other Etruscan was chariot races. The  drivers were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by horses. 
  • The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, too. Greek architecture was an important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. The Romans used Greek designs in their own public buildings. Eventually, they learned to use concrete to create even larger structures, such as the Pantheon in Rome.
  • The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities. Like the Greeks, the Romans wrote in all capital letters.Greek pottery was valued throughout the Mediterranean world for its usefulness and beauty. Greek potters created large clay vessels for storing food, water, and wine. The Greeks worshipped a number of gods and goddesses who governed every part of Greek life.
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