When the War of 1812 first broke out, the fighting centered on the border between the United States and Canada. A British victory at the Battle of Bladensburg, on August 24, gave British troops confidence of winning the war. Next was initially planned to have been an attack on Baltimore. But, British commanders chose to attack Washington, D.C., to strike a blow against the enemy.
The Battle of New Orleans was the last major battle fought in the War of 1812. The American soldiers were led by Major General Andrew Jackson against the British forces led by Admiral Alexander Cochrane. The battle was one of the biggest and most decisive engagements. It prevented the British from seizing New Orleans and other territory from the Louisiana Purchase.
The Treaty of Ghent resolved everything. It was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812. It was signed on December 24, 1814. The treaty restored the borders of the two countries to the line before the beginning of the war. It was ratified by Parliament on December 30, 1814. However, the treaty was not in effect until it was ratified by the U.S. Senate in Februar 1815.