April 6-7, 1862 Total Casualties: 23,000 Union Casualties: 13,000 Confederate Casualties: 10,000
Ulysses S. Grant
Albert Sidney Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard
The Battle of Shiloh occurred on April 6-7, 1862. The Union suffered 13,000 casualties. The Confederacy suffered 10,000 casualties. There was a total of 23,000 casualties.
The Union general was Ulysses S. Grant. Don Carlos Buell was another major general for the Union during the battle. The Confederate general was Albert Sidney Johnston. During the first day of battle, Johnston got killed so P.G.T. Beauregard took over as the new general.
Union General Ulysses S. Grant had his army camped at Pittsburg Landing. They were waiting for General Don Carlos Buell's army to come as reinforcements. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston was planning to attack before Buell's army could arrive. Johnston attacked on April 6 hoping to defeat Grant's army before the reinforcements could arrive.
The battle began after the Confederates launched a surprise attack on Grant's army. The Confederates pushed the Grant's army back toward the Tennessee River. Soon after, Buell's army started to arrive and the Confederates could not force the Union back any further. Towards the end of the day, Confederate General Johnston was mortally wounded and General Beauregard took over command. On April 7 at 6 am, Buell's army launched an attack. Beauregard responded immediately with a counter attack. Soon, Beauregard realized that they were outnumbered and the Confederates started to retreat.
The battle of Shiloh was fought at Pittsburg Landing. PIttsburg Landing is a river landing in the Tennessee River. It is located in Hardin County, Tennessee. This is where Grant's army was camped when the Confederates attacked them.
When the Confederates realized that they were outnumbered, they were forced to retreat. The Union won the Battle of Shiloh. This was a major failure for the Confederacy. Both sides suffered heavy casualties.