Well, everyone, I guess we will start with the definition: a fact is something that can be proved or observed.
An opinion, though, is a personal belief or conclusion.
Also, to distinguish fact from opinion means to separate information about a subject that can be verified from what people say about the subject.
Our last example will be a fact, and that would be: An apple is a fruit. This is obvious and can be supported.
Now, for the examples! One commonly known fact that can be supported with evidence is: dogs need food and water to survive.
An opinion would be, "Dogs are the best pets!" This could not be supported with research, as it is your thinking.
How To Use and Why It's Important
Now how do we use this skill? We can use this skill by being able to figure out what is a fact and what is an opinion as we read or write a text.
It is so important, because in our everyday lives people are always mixing the two up and confusing us, so if you are able to distinguish the two, you will be able to ROCK anything you do!
Woah! Professor Evil isn't here today, and no one can believe it! The entire class asks Ari, now known as Captain Courageous to everyone, to teach the class the next skill of Distinguishing Fact and Opinion.
Chapter 4: Fake News Wrap Up
Fake news has one definition: has no basis in fact, but is presented as being factually accurate. It has also been referred to as fabricated news.
Captain Courageous helps the students understand the skill even better with examples!
Examples, How To Use, Why It's Important
One fake news example is our Professor Evil's newspaper: she fabricated the truth by putting in her own name for the award instead of the real professor's.
Captain Courageous must explain why this skill is important and how to use it to everyone! The class is happy and smarter after her class, and hope that Professor Evil isn't there the next day to teach.
The next day, the class gets the most wonderful news - Professor Evil had been fired, and Captain Courageous had taken her spot! Everyone was jumping up down with joy as their new teacher and friend began the new lesson: Fake News.
Captain Courageous gives the class examples of fake news. She gives the example about their evil Professor, and then two more: first, that there was an article saying that Social Studies Academy had lost their Skills Bee to another school, when they actually had won. Second, another article said that the students at Social Studies Academy were performing poorly on tests, when they were doing well. Ari tells the class that though there was a bit of truth in both articles, it had been fabricated with lies.
How do we use this skill - we use it by reading through a text and being able to tell whether it is fake or real.
And finally, this skill is so important because if you are able to be a pro at it, you will never get confused by what is fake and real, and be able to read anything with confidence!
Well, that's it for now with Captain Courageous! Oh, and - that newspaper that Professor Evil handed out? That thing went right down the toilet with a big FLUSH!