CHICAGO- HIGH IN AA POPULATION, LOW IN EMPLOYMENT (40% UNEMPLOYED)
NO MORE PUBLIC SPENDING!!!
We want an education!
We want work!!!
Dramatic fall in production and rise in unemployment were the most significant factors effecting all minority groups during the depression. (with these circumstances, AA and other minority groups who worked were often replaced by white 'native' labour). Big cities (like Chicago) were effected extremely badly.
I propose a New Deal! I want to wage war against unemployment and poverty
Reduction in spending on education hit racial and ethnic minorities harder than white communities. - especially true in the south where states cut back spending on black schools, in north only NY refused to accept segregated schools. Spending on black education was considerably less than white, even in the more prosperous years. However by 1933, 38000 black students were in colleges.
End of 1920s- legal limitations on immigration significantly reduced number of people arriving in USA. USA was less attractive in an economic depression than an economic boom. During depression, black population in cities increased in search for jobs. Competition for work= desperate. Large parts of the USA population suffered as a result of hunger and disease (1929-1933 20 mil starving)- mostly AAs.
4th March 1933 Roosevelt sworn in as US President. He introduced a 'New Deal'. This deals purpose was to stimulate the economy and create jobs- the plight of AAs and HAs remained acute throughout the 1930s in spite of Roosevelt's package. New Deal agencies often discriminated against blacks, especially in the south, but blacks were getting more help and attention than ever before. Alphabet agencies- gov organisations set up by R's New Deal (AAA,CCC,PWA,TVA)
By the end of the 1930s, lynching was still not regarded as a crime, perpetrators went unpunished. Suffering among AAs increased. Anti-lunching measures high on agendas of NAACP and UNIA. Black women became active in the campaign to stop lynching- formed association of southern women for the prevention of lynching- supported by Eleanor Roosevelt. Attempts to make lynching federal crime failed to pass Congress in 1935 an 1938.