King Edward III wants to be the king of France, but he is also the king of England, so France kicks him out of his reign in 1337. No one likes him. He's whiny.
Well, of course, that set him off. England was officially upset with France. This officially started the Hundred Years' War, which lasted from 1337 to 1453.
I now anoint myself as King of France!!
The very first battle in this war was the Battle of Agincourt. This battle was the last victory of England. During this war, crossbows were developed and helped the English win their first war, with a miracle victory of 8,500 English men against 50,000 French men.
Battle of Agincourt
Joan of Arc was a specially trained 17-year-old fighter that was on the French side. In 1429, she approached Charles Vll and asked to fight because of a message from God that told her to lead the French army and save France, and surprisingly, Charles Vll was so desperate that he actually gave her a chance! And he was glad he did, because she actually helped him in the Siege of New Orleans and many other battles. Unfortunately, she was burned at the stake as a heretic by the English in 1431.
Joan of Arc
Siege of Orleans
The Siege of Orleans helped mark the turning point of the French in the war in 1429. It was very important to the French and to Charles Vll because it symbolized the victories that were to come. With advanced crossbows and cannons, the French were victorious in the end.
Battle of Castillon
The Battle of Castillon was the defining victory for the French in the Hundred Years' War. Many tactics had helped them succeed until 1453, which was the 116th year of the war. In this war, the French had also won nearly all of their landholdings back from the English.
Results/Impact of Hundred Years' War
The results are in: the French have officially won the Hundred Years' War! This victory impacted many things in France: for instance, this win officially united France to be a unified nation and Feudalism was replaced with Nationalism. England did gain power by winning the right to control taxation and funding for wars, or the "power of the purse."