Latitudes affect the climate of a place in different ways. First, places close to the equator receive more sunlight, as such, the farther you are from the equator, the less sunlight you receive
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further
Clouds form when warm air from inland areas meets cool air from the sea.
The sea affects the climate of a place. Coastal areas are cooler and wetter than inland areas.
Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics.
Prevailing winds bring air from one type of climate to another. For example, warmwinds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.
rain shadow affect
A rain shadow is a dry region of land on the side of a mountain range that is protected from the prevailing winds. ... Once the air passes over the mountain range, it moves down the other side, warms, and dries out. This dry air produces a rain shadow.