Hello, it is I, George Washington! We need to create a national government that is stronger and we need your help!
I have an idea for a two house legislature! I call it the "Virginia Plan"!
Virginia Plan - Elements
Most Populous States:- Virginia-Pennsylvania- North Carolina- Massachusetts
Least Populous States:- Delaware - Rhode Island- Georgia
Figuring the Articles of Confederation too weak, it was time to create a new plan of government that would be stronger than its predecessor. Delegates gathered in Philadelphia for the Constitutional Convention.
New Jersey Plan
One plan that was proposed was the Virginia Plan. The legislative branch was bicameral, or split into two houses.
New Jersey Plan - Elements
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In this plan, the representatives were determined by the state's population. It benefited larger states that had bigger populations, meaning they had more representation. Smaller states with smaller populations opposed this.
The Great Compromise
Let's have two senates from each state representing in one house; the Senate.
In a lower house, the House of Representatives, representatives are based on the state's population.
Another plan was the New Jersey Plan. Unlike the Virginia Plan, it was unicameral, meaning it only had one house.
I have a better idea! The "New Jersey Plan" only has one house and is far more equal in representation!
Each state would be represented equally by giving each state one vote, much like the Articles of Confederation. Smaller states supported this since everyone had an equal voice, unlike the Virginia Plan that gave more influence to larger states.
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To satisfy all the states, a compromise, in short an agreement, was made. Two senators elected by the state legislature were representatives in the Senate, one house. The amount of representatives of each state was determined by the population in the House of Representatives, another house.