The car stops quickly because of the person in the way, but because the woman wasn't wearing a seat belt, she flies out of the dashboard. This demonstrates Newton's first law; an object in motion will stay in motion until an unbalanced force is acted upon it
This picture demonstrates Newton's 2nd law because there is more mass in Jupiter, so it requires more force to carry, which is why there is two people carrying Jupiter, and only one person carrying Earth.
The ball is thrown onto the ground, which then causes it to bounce back up. This is an example of Newton's 3rd law; every action has an equal and opposite reaction.