Final War Days: Lee's surrender to Grant
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Grant wished to use seige tactics on Petersburg as he did with Vicksburg. As summer and winter went on, his forces tightened. The two opposing sides stretched for more than 30 miles around the town.
Both sides suffered casualties. The Union had a better advantage since the Confederates troops could not be replaced.
I am Grant, my army suffered 40,000 casualties
I am Lee, my army suffered 28,000 casualties
Back in the White House, Lincoln was having troubles of his own. U.S. Congress refused to comply with the 13th Amendment, which would outlaw slavery.
The Congress will not agree
Slavery must be kept
Lincoln wanted a different approach to reunite the states, with "malice toward none" as stated in his Second Inaugural Address.
... Do all which achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace.
Lee's army retreated from Petersburg with a lack of food and Union forces harassing them. They were finally trapped at Appomattox Courthouse by General Grant.
April 9, Lee surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse. News of the surrender did not reach everyone until June 19, 1865, a day African Americans in the Southwest called "Juneteenth"
I surrender, the war is over.
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