The Persians wanted to expand into Europe. Which lead them to clash with the Greek who had colonies in the Mediterranean area. The Persians had already been in control of the Greek cities in Anatolia. These Greeks rebelled against their rulers the Persians. The Athenians sent warships to help the rebelling cities because of this Persia wanted to punish Athens for interfering. This would soon lead to wars between Persia and Greece.
Greek city-states rebel against Persia with the help of Athens
Gotcha!! We win!!!!
The Persians waited at Marathon for several days for the people of Athens to come to fight them. They got tired of waiting so they packed up their supplies to go attack Athens. Then Athens ATTACKED!!!
Battle Of Marathon
The Persians wanted revenge after their harsh defeat at Marathon. King Xerxes of Persia had thousands of warships and 200,000 soldiers. The Greek city-states came together and king Thermopylae decided they should cut off their supplies. Sadly a traitor helped the Persians. This lead king Thermopylae to stay and fight to the death with 300 of his soldiers. The Greeks lost.
Battle of Thermopylae
This is not the end!!!
Thanks to Spartans the Athens had time to carry out Themistocles's plan and they successfully trapped the Persians ships in a strait of salamis and the Persian's big ships were trapped. We took down 300 ships but lost 40 of our own. The Greeks won!!!
Battle of Salamis
The Greek city-states once again joined forces and attacked the Persians.This was the last fight between the Persians and Greeks. Each armie had over 100,000 soldiers . The Persians were once again defeated. The Greeks and Persians eventually came into peace with each other.
Battle of Plataea
Well that took long enough!!
After losing in Greece Persia had faced many obstacles. The army weakened, kings taxed very heavily, royal families didn't agree with who should rule, and people weren't very happy with their government. Due to all these problems they were very week and got taken over by Alexander the Great.