hello and welcome! Today we will be talking about the wars that the greeks fought in. to start off, in the persian was the greeks and the persians. this war all started when king Darius conquered northern greece also known as turkey. in the aftermath the greeks came out with the win.
okay so now this is the battle of the marathon. in this war the greeks and the persians fought. king Darius sent out an army of about 90,000 men on the other hand the greeks only had between 10,000 and 20,000 and the greeks won by using their shields and spears while the persians had bow and arrows.
i like the new army system!
The Persian army invaded Greece via a passage through the mountains of Thermopylae on the eastern coast.
Near the island of Salamis, the Greeks once more faced a larger enemy force, probably 500 Persian ships to 300 Greek ships. The Greeks used a fast and maneuverable type of warship called a trireme. It was powered by three banks of oars and armed with a bronze ram in the front.
The Persians had an army of a similar size. The Persian horsemen and archers played their part, but it was, once again, the superiority of the hoplite and phalanx that won the battle for the Greeks. Finally, they had ended Xerxes’ ambitions in Greece.
Reasons for its decline and fall. After the death of Darius, his son Xerxes ruled until 465 B.C. Xerxes was a cruel but weak king who was also defeated by the Greeks in the Persian Wars. During Xerxes' reign, the Persian Empire declined.