In 1951 a plaintiff named Oliver Brown filed a class-action suit against the board of education of Topeka, Kansas after his daughter Linda Brown was denied entrance to Topeka’s all-white elementary schools.
In his lawsuit, Brown claimed that black schools and white schools were not equal which violated the 14th amendment the equal protection clause.
In the decision the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place,” as segregated schools are “inherently unequal.” As a result, the Court ruled that the plaintiffs were being “ deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment.”
14th amendment: Equal Protection Clause. This case proved that all people of any race should be able to have an equal education just as white people should.
Though the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board didn’t achieve school desegregation on its own, the ruling and the steadfast resistance to it across the South fueled the nascent civil rights movement in the United States like Rosa parks sitting on the bus.