Today we will be learning the art of mummification. Mummification is a tradition of Ancient Egypt in which the body of a dead person is preserved for the day of judgement with the god Osiris.
The tools you need to mummify a body are brain hooks, an oil jar, a funnel, and an embalmer's knife
The materials you need to mummify a body are wine, spices, linen bandages, and salt
The first of the steps to make a mummy is to take out the organs. To take out the brain, you use the special hooks and inserted them through the nose. You then would take out all the tissue from the brain. Then an embalmer would make a delicate cut in the stomach and carefully take out all the organs except the heart. The leaving of the heart symbolized the person's intelligence and self-being. The organs removed from the body would then be placed in special jars called canopic jars. These organs in the jars were placed with the mummy inside the tomb. After this, the moisture of the body was taken out using the natron or salt.
Lastly, the most recognized step, wrapping the body. You may think it's only linen wrapped many times. But there are a few other small details you wouldn't know. First of all, the hundreds of yards of linen aren't just one wrap. The priests would wrap the fingers and toes separately before wrapping the hand or foot. Also, amulets, or good luck charms were placed in the hands of the mummy and other prayers and magical words were inscribed on the linen. Warm resin was also placed in the linen.
Finally, the mummification process is done and the mummy is ready for the funeral. Different items needed in the Afterlife had already been ready and place inside the tomb Through a magical process, these food, furniture, and lists would become the real thing when needed in the Afterlife. During the funeral, there were many rites that were done. The most important of these was the "opening of the mouth." This is when the priest would use a special
instrument that would "open" the senses of the body. This meant the dead person would be ready for the Afterlife. After the rituals, the mummy was placed in the coffin, or sarcophagus, and then put in the burial chamber.