I wish we were free to practice our own religion.
Pueblo people unite
The Spanish forced the Indians to work for the colonists and the missions. The Spanish also wanted to change the Indians, their way of life and their religious beliefs.
Pueblo attacking the Spanish
The Indians were very angry that they had to give up their own religious beliefs and practices.
The Spanish flee to El Paso
Thousands of Pueblo Indians joined forces to attack the Spanish. Pope, a shaman from the San Juan pueblo, led the rebellion and sent messengers to Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande.
August 10, 1680 thousands of Indians attacked missions and Spanish settlements. The Spanish were outnumbered but they still fought the Indians and won the battle that took place outside of Santa Fe.
The Spanish survivors decided to flee Santa Fe. The trip down El Camino Real was difficult and upsetting for the Spanish refugees and most of them had to walk. More than 2,100 settlers fled to El Paso.
The Spanish wanted to regain their lost land and glory and returned to New Mexico in 1692. Some Indians fled to the mountains but others resisted. By late 1696, the Spanish were once again in control of New Mexico.