The French and the British were in war in 1803 and the United States stayed neutralists to the situation so they traded with both countries. Since the United States took no sides they could continue trading.
The Embargo Act
The Embargo Act
British Naval ships began stopping American ships to search for suspected British deserters. The British forced these deserters to return and serve in the navy. this practice of forcing people to serve in the navy was called impressment.
The British warship leopard stopped the American Vessel chesapeake off the coast of virginia. The leopard's captain demanded to search the American ship for British deserters, but the chesapeake's captain refused. The British opened fire, crippling the chesapeake and killing three crew members.
Congress passed the Embargo Act in December 1807. An Embargo prohibits trade with another country. The act targeted Great Britain, but the embargo banned imports from and exports to all foreign countries. The embargo of 1807 was a disaster. With ships confined to their harbors, unemployment rose in New England. Without European markets, the south could not sell its tobacco or cotton. congress repealed the Embargo Act in March 1809.
Now the settlers were moving onto lands that were guaranteed to Native Americans by treaty. As tension grew, some native American renewed their contacts with British agents and fur traders in Canada. Tecumseh wanted to halt white movement into Native American lands. He believed that a strong alliance-with the backing of the British in Canada-could achieve that goal
The loudest voices came from a group of young Republican congress members known as the war Hawks. The war Hawks supported increases in military spending and were driven by hunger for land. War hawks from the west wanted the fertile forests of southern canada, where as the southerners wanted Spanish Florida. The war hawks also wanted to expand the nation's power.