Gentlemen I propose a compromise. One part of of congress should have representatives based on population. The other part, should have an equal number of representatives.
The Three-Fifths Compromise
I propose the three-fifths compromise. Five enslaved people count as three toward the population and for taxes.
Jolly good. And we shall compromise on trade as well. Our new government shall not tax exports.
Splendid. Our Constitution is complete, and the people have a voice in our government. We have put federalism in place, and our governments power shall be split between federal and state. Shall we celebrate with some tea?
Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman proposed the Connecticut compromise or the Great Compromise. The committee adopted this compromise.
Checks and Balances
The committee suggested 40,000 people should be representative by a member of the House of Representatives. Southerners were worried that they would have less population if their enslaved people did not count. So they compromised, every five enslaved people would count as three toward to population.
Checks and Balances
The new Constitution ruled on the basis of popular sovereignty. Elected representives are the voice of the people. The Constituition also put federalism in place, where power is divided between federal and the states.
The Constitution also create the idea of separation of power. Each branch of government controlled their own dominion.
There will be three branches of government. The executive branch, for the President. The legislative branch, for congress to make and pass laws. And the Judicial branch, for the courts to rule on the law.
Checks were put in place, so one branch of government would not become to powerful. The President was in charge of the army and could veto laws made by congress. Congress could override the veto with a vote, and impeach the president for misconduct.
We will have checks and balances, so your branch does not have too much power, and the other branches don't have too much power over you.
Later on, amendments were made to the constitution. The framers made a clear and easy way to fix these problems if and when the arose.
To propose an amendment, 2/3 of both houses in congress vote, or 2/3 of the states call a convention. To pass the amendment, 3/4 of the states need to vote for it.