The Etruscan influence of engineering on the Romans
Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
The Etruscan influence of sports on the Romans
When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River where the wolf had found and saved them. However, in a quarrel over who would rule the new settlement, Romulus killed his brother. He became king of the city, which he named Rome.
The Greek influence of architecture on the Roman civilization
Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A keystone in the center held the other stones of the arch tightly in place.
the Greek influence of writing, art, and religion on the Romans
Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses. These fierce competitions often resulted in injury or death.
The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, as well as the Etruscans. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty.
The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities. Like the Greeks, the Romans wrote in all capital letters. The Greeks carved important documents, such as laws and treaties, into bronze or stone plaques, some of which were displayed in the public squares. The Romans also carved inscriptions in walls and columns for all to see. Greek pottery was valued throughout the Mediterranean world for its usefulness and beauty. Greek potters created large clay vessels for storing food, water, and wine. They often painted black figures on the red clay. Some of their designs showed pictures of gods and heroes, while others illustrated people in their daily lives. The Romans eagerly brought the work of Greek potters into their homes. Roman artists imitated the technique, but developed their own style. The early Romans had their own gods and rituals, but their ideas about the gods evolved as they interacted with other cultures. When the Romans encountered a similar god from another culture, they blended that god's characteristics with those of their own.