The crusades were a migration of people from Europe to get to the holy lands. There were four crusades which started in 1071-1291. Christian armies started the crusades to reclaim the holy land. One benefit of this was that they will become in greater contact with two regions.
The hundred years of war was fought between England and France. England then took over and laid claim to France. They won the battles of Crecy in 1346 and Agincourt in 1415 with help of the longbows and cannons. The longbows and cannons made castles and old weaponry end feudalism.
Joan of Arc was only 17 when she died and she was a big deal to France because she believed in God so she lead French army to a series of Victories in 1429 and 1430. Later she was captured by English soldiers and executed her by burning her in 1431.
Europeans suffered a disease known for the bubonic plague. It infected rats carried by fleas that spread the disease to humans along land and sea trade routes from Asia to Europe and Africa. Many people thought the plague was a punishment from god when really it just from fleas bites. It was over by early 1350s
In 1215 king John (which was the most powerful English King) was forced by the barons (who were a local group) to seal a document which is the Magna Carta. The document is just a contract between him and his nobles. The magna carta was to subject the law of the land and limited his authority. Although the document didn't benefit English people its guarentee of certain individual rights would have a great impact on the developement of democracy.
In the 1000 people have been moving towns because of the bubonic plague which wiped out the entire workforce. So people are desperate for work with a high wages. Many peasants and serfs left to find jobs to. As a result the manor system began to fall apart. After this towns held weekly markets were goods were sold. The middle ages ended because of the bubonic plague, the king taking people, and cultral changes and political ones to.