How to pass a bill

How to pass a bill

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  • Creation of Bill
  • First a small town, or a group of people bring up a problem and a solution to it. The people draft the bill (Anyone can draft a bill), but only the legislative can sponsor the bill
  • Committee Action
  • As soon as a bill is introduced, it is referred to a committee. At this point the bill is examined carefully and its chances for passage are first determined. If the committee does not act on a bill, the bill is effectively "dead."
  • In both Chambers of Congress, the bill will come up for debate, amendments, including riders, can be offered, and a final vote taken. Floor debate in either Chamber is reported in the Congressional Record
  • Chamber Floor & Vote
  • If the bill passes by simple majority the bill moves to the Senate. In the Senate, the bill is assigned to another committee and, if released, debated and voted on. Finally, a conference committee made of House and Senate members works out any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill.
  • Conference Commitee
  • Floor Action & Vote
  • This is the point where amendments can possibly be added to a bill. After the floor debate, the bill is ready to be voted by the members of the House or Senate. A quorum (majority) of the members must be present. In order for the bill to be passed, it requires a majority vote
  • The president may take no action. If Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after ten days. A pocket veto occurs when the president takes no action and Congress has adjourned its session.
  • Presidential Actions
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