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SMITH V. ALLWRIGHT, 1944
Lonnie Smith, a black dentist, was rejected from voting in the Democratic Primary due to his race.
No. This is a white only primary.
Can I participate in choosing this party's candidate?
A 1923 State Law in Texas allowed for political parties to set their own rules, allowing them to require all voters to be white.
Smith sued the local election official S.S. Allwright for denying his right to vote.
I have a right to vote in this primary election.
Since the election in question was for a state election, Smith challenged the Party's independence in this situation.
You cannot discriminate in a matter of the state.
When this case reached the Supreme Court, they ruled 8-1 that this practice was a denial of the 14th Amendment.
This is unconstitutional!
As a result, Black people gained the ability to actively participate in Texas politics.
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