The Rome civilization first began in 700 B.C.E then ended in 476 C.E. Rome is actually located in Italy. It's a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. It's shaped like a boot and goes into the Mediterranean Sea. Did you know that the location of Rome was the reason Rome came in contact with two other neighboring groups.
Romulus and Remus were the sons of the god of war. The king was afraid that when they grew up they would take his throne. So, he had ordered his men to drown them! Luckily a wolf saved them from drowning. When the twins grew up they made their own town along the banks of the river where the wolf saved them. Romulus ended up killing Remus because they couldn't agree on anything.
The Romes created the arch, like represented in this picture. I know that this picture doesn't look exactly like the arch they had but it's pretty close. These arches rested on pillars which supported a half circle stone. Public works and stadiums are just two examples of the way arches are used.
Writing, Art, Religion
The Greek Alphabet
In Rome there were many sporting events that took place. A few of them are slave fighting, chariot races, and gladiator fights. These sports could be very deadly and dangerous. People die and suffer due to these sporting events, and they jut kept on getting more popular and more popular.
As you may or may not know the Romans got their ideas from the Greeks. Architecture was very important to the Romes. They created things such as temples and columns, also marble temples for the gods. Believe it or not the Romans used concrete to create building and other structures.
The alphabet was one of the most important things ever that the Greeks made (the Greeks made the alphabet and the Romes used it). They made the alphabet to have all capital letters. Art and the making of sculptures was very important to the Romes. They made pottery and other useful everyday items. Last Roman religion, they honored a umber of gods. They had rituals and sacrafices for these gods.