Welcome to the Berlin Conference. NO AFRICANS PERMITTED!
Indigenous Responses to State Expansion
We have no choice but to kill our cattle to drive the Europeans away!!
Rationales for imperialism included cultural motives such as Social Darwinism in which Europeans thought they were more civilized and therefore had a "White Mans Burden" to help other areas. They also attempted to display their power through nataionalism and needed new economic sources for raw materials and markets. This motives led to state expansion and the founding of settler colonies in various parts of the world.
Global Economic Development & Imperialism
We want everything from China, but they want nothing of ours. So, you must sell this opium to them.
The two main indigenoursresponses to state expansion were resistance and peaceful acceptance. For example, the Baltic States resented the Ottomans and when they rose up, many gained their independence. Other groups, however, such as the Cherrokke Indians, tried to assimilate and fit in, but still maintained peaceful resistance through acts such as the Ghost Dance which was believed to drive Europeans away.
Migration Causes and Effects
I can't wait for a new life!
I signed a contract for indentured servitude.
There was an increased demand for raw materials/goods due to growing populations which led to cash crop farming. Colonies exported various materials such as cotton, rubber, palm oil, and diamonds. These goods were then turned into products and sold back to the colonies. Economic imperialism arose when China was divided into spheres of influence after the Opium Wars and continued throughout the time period.
Ummm okay. Won't this cause some type of war?
As a result of new transportation, labor systems, and challenges at home migrations increased. These migrations were done willingly and most worked under indentured servitude, contract labor or slavery. This caused gender roles to become more versatile and regions to be influenced by the various cultures brought there. This later led to prejudice, racism, and laws such as the Chinese Exclusion Acts.