The First Amendment prevented the government from respecting a religion and prohibiting free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to assemble, or to petition for the government redress of grievances
The Second Amendment protected the right of the people to keep and bear arms was adopted on December 15, 1791 as a part of the Bill of Rights.
The Third Amendment placed restrictions on the quartering of the soldiers in private homes without the owner's consent forbidding the practice in peacetime.
The Fourth Amendment shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
The Fifth Amendment means that if they are accused of the same crime twice then they cannot be physically hurt as punishment and cannot be forced to be used as a witness against himself.
The Sixth Amendment means that if you have the right to be in a public trial can be informed by the cause of accusation to be confronted with the witness against him to obtain his favor.