Frontier Wars StoryboardThat: Buffalo Soldiers by Jonathan Chu 3rd Period 4/23/
This is for the storyboard That activity for Social Studies 4/20/18
We should make 4 regiments of only black enlisted men.
When congress was reorganizing the peacetime regular army in the summer of 1866, congress honored the military accomplishments of black soldiers by making two regiments of black cavalry which were the 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry, in addition, congress also made 6 regiments of black infantry. In 1869 the 6 regiments of infantry were merged in two units, the 24th and 25th U.S. Infantry. These regiments were made up of African American Soldiers in the army and were commanded mostly by white officers and on occasion black ones like Henry O. Flipper.
You blacks shouldn't be here!
During the time between of 1866 to the beginning of the 1890's, buffalo soldiers were stationed at a number of posts and station in Texas, the southwest, and the great plains. Even though they had to endure prejudice from both the military and the communities they were put in, they still had an excellent service record. They usually were split up in small companies and troop-sized detachments placed at remote posts and served routine garrison chores like help build roads as well.
Other routine garrison chores they performed were patrolling the frontier, handle a number of difficult civil and military tasks, and escort mail parties. The buffalo soldiers were also involved in most of the major frontier campaigns during 1866 to 1890, making a name for themselves in fighting against the Kiowa, Comanche, Sioux, Apache, Arapho, and Cheyenne Indians. The buffalo soldiers had 13 enlisted men from the 4 regiments earn the Medal of Honor during the Indian Wars.
After the Indian Wars, the 4 black only regiments continued to serve the U.S. army such as in the Philippine Insurrection and Spanish-American War. More and more prejudice was given to them by people at the turn of the century like being rejected from segregated towns near where they were stationed at. Were often victims of slurs, beatings, harassment, etc.
Being armed veterans during their active service, they sometimes reacted to prejudice with violence like how the Twenty-fourth regiment took part in the Houston Riot of 1917. Although the 4 regiments were never sent to Europe for World War 1 in France, they gave non-commissioned, experienced officers to other black units that were sent to France for combat. Later in the 1920s to 1930s, soliers form the 4 regiments were more often used as laborers and service troops.
During World War 2, the 9th and 10th cavalries were disbanded and the enlisted people were all transferred to service units in the war instead of just laborers and service workers. The 25th and 24th infantry were still together and saw combat in the pacific theatre but the 25th infantry was later disbanded in 1949. The 24th infantry saw combat in the early stages of the Korean War and turned into the last segregated black regiment to see combat as it was deactivated in 1951.
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