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  • Five Civilized Tribes
  • Tribe lets go west
  • President Andrew Jackson
  • If they refuse to give up there land we we'll go to war!
  • Indian removal act
  • I dont want to give up my land.
  • As American tribes expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native Americans still lived in the other part of the country. The “Five Civilized Tribes” - Cherokee, Creek, Seminol,Muscogee , and Choctaw. These tribes had established farming societies with successful enconomies.
  • Indian Territory
  • President Andrew Jackson a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for creek Indian land. He had fought them and Seminole peoples during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans .
  • The Cherokee Nation
  • In 1830 President Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west. Some native Americans refused and most felt they were forced to give their lands. .
  • Trail of Tears
  • American settlers  wanted to force the Native Americans to leave their land and move west  Many Americans settlers believed that the area west of the united states was dry and seemed unsuitable for farming. They thought that if they moved the Native Americans to that region, the nation’s conflict for land would be over. In 1834 government created the Indian Territory, an area in present day Oklahoma that was set aside for the relocation of Native Americans
  • Indians are forced to move
  • The Cherokee however, refused to give up their land. They  the state of Georgia eventually their case reach the Supreme court. Chief Justice John Marshal ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee. President Jackson supported Georgia;s efforts to remove the Cherokee. He declared that he would convince the Supreme Court.
  • We want our land.
  • With 7,000 federal troops, General Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave. Filled with sadness and anger, the Cherokee nation gave in and the long march to the West began. Around 4,000 people died from starvation, disease, and exposure to brutal Whether. Their forced journey west became known to the as the Trail of Tears.
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