President Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation for several weeks in 1862. It order that all Confederate slaves were to be free. This led to the creation of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry.
The 54th Massachusetts Infantry was mostly made up of free African Americans. In July 1863 they led a heroic charge on South Carolina's Fort Wagner. They suffered heavy casualties and injuries,
Clara Barton was a volunteer that organized the collection of medicine and supplies for delivery to the battlefield. She also went to the field hospitals and soother the wounded and dying and assisted. Barton's worked helped to the form the basis for the American Red Cross.
William Tecumseh Sherman
General George Pickett and nearly 15,000 men took part in Pickett's charge. For nearly one mile the Confederate soldiers slowly marched up towards Cemetery Ridge. The results were heavy loses on the Confederate sided and the retreat of the Confederate troops.
The Gettysburg Address by President Lincoln on November 19 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He praised the bravery of the Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War. Although it was a short speech is is one of the most famous speeches in American History.