Economic: They made money from fishing and whaling. They could catch and fillet the fish and then wrap them up and put them in barrels with what they got while whaling. They also made money off of timber from the small amount of trees they had.
Nothing ever grows here! It's almost like we live in a desert!
Social: There were many Puritans migrating to Massachusetts in the Great Migration.
"How would you compare and contrast Jamestown and Plymouth?" Compare: They both went to the new world and were near water. Contrast: For Jamestown the men went first, they had fertile soil, grew tobacco (cash crop), settled near a swamp, ships could dock easily, lived near hostile natives, and came for money. Contrast: For Plymouth the families and men went at the same time, had sandy soil, grew corn, settled near the coast, they ships for imports and exports couldn't dock as easily because of the tide/waves, lived near friendly natives, came/ chose to go for religion because of the Puritans church.
Political: The men on the Mayflower made a plan of government and called it the Mayflower Compact. The compact made them agree to consult each other and work together to make the colony succeed. They couldn't have town meetings because they were on a ship. William Bradford was also on the Mayflower with the Pilgrims because he was their leader.
Geographic: The soil is very sandy and rocky so it is very hard to grow crops so they resorted to subsistence farming.